(Interlink. 2018) : "France and the Santiago pilgrimage". (en)
THERE ARE FOUR ROADS LEADING TO SANTIAGO, WHICH COMBINE TO FORM A SINGLE ROAD — So begins The Pilgrims Guide, the worlds first guidebook. Written early in the twelfth century by Benedictine monks, it served travelers taking part in the great pilgrimage of the Middle Ages, to the tomb of the apostle St. James, the cousin of Christ, at Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain. The four roads are all in France : from Paris in the north ; from Vzelay in Burgundy ; from Le Puy-en-Velay in the Massif Central ; and from Arles in Provenceall threading their way across the country before joining as a single road in northern Spain. A step-by-step account of these four journeys through medieval France, the Guides aim was to explain to pilgrims the religious sites they would see on their way to Santiago, but it also offered advice on where to stay, what to eat and drink, and how to avoid dishonest innkeepers and murderous boatmen. Edwin Mullins follows the same four roads as they exist today in the footsteps of those medieval travelers. He explores the magnificent churches, abbeys, and works of art which are the proud legacy of the pilgrimage, as well as reconstructing a turbulent period of history that encompassed wars, crusades, and the re-conquest of Spain. Many of the buildings and landmarks that sprang up along the pilgrim routes still stand there today, and The Four Roads to Heaven brings to life their historical, architectural, and spiritual significance. From imposing Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals to humble pilgrims hospices, this book looks at the living legacy of one of the great social phenomena of the Middle Agesthe pilgrimage to Santiago. Richly illustrated with Adam Woolfitts color photographs, The Four Roads to Heaven offers an invaluable guidenine hundred years afte.